Achtung:

Sie haben Javascript deaktiviert!
Sie haben versucht eine Funktion zu nutzen, die nur mit Javascript möglich ist. Um sämtliche Funktionalitäten unserer Internetseite zu nutzen, aktivieren Sie bitte Javascript in Ihrem Browser.

Data Center Building O Show image information

Data Center Building O

Prof. Dr. Wolf Gero Schmidt

Contact
Biography
Publications
Prof. Dr. Wolf Gero Schmidt

Theoretical Materials Physics

Head - Professor - Lehrstuhlinhaber

Center for Optoelectronics and Photonics (CeOPP)

Committee - Professor

Paderborn Center for Parallel Computing (PC2) > Vorstand

Member - Professor

Phone:
+49 5251 60-2335
Phone:
05251/60-2677
Fax:
+49 5251 60-3435
Office:
N3.347
Web:
Visitor:
Pohlweg 55
33098 Paderborn

Fakultät für Naturwissenschaften

Dean - Professor

Phone:
+49 5251 60-2679
Fax:
+49 5251 60-3216
Prof. Dr. Wolf Gero Schmidt
2018 - today

Dean of the Faculty of Science

2016 - 2018

Vice Dean of the Faculty of Science

2010

Chair offer (W3) from Bielefeld Univ, declined

2006

Full Prof (W3) in theoretical physics, Paderborn Univ

2005

Assoc Prof, Massey Univ, New Zealand

2002

Habilitation, Jena Univ

2001

Adjunct Assistant Prof, North Carolina State Univ, USA

1997 - 1999

Postdoctoral fellow with J Bernholc, NC State U, USA

1997

PhD in physics with Friedhelm Bechstedt, Jena Univ

1994

Visiting researcher with WS Verwoerd, University of South Africa

1993

Visiting researcher with GP Srivastava, Exeter Univ, UK

1988 - 1993

Diploma studies in physics, Jena Univ


Open list in Research Information System

2020

Tetracene Ultrathin Film Growth on Hydrogen-Passivated Silicon

J. Niederhausen, R.W. MacQueen, K. Lips, H. Aldahhak, W.G. Schmidt, U. Gerstmann, Langmuir (2020), pp. 9099-9113

DOI


Toward Efficient Toxic-Gas Detectors: Exploring Molecular Interactions of Sarin and Dimethyl Methylphosphonate with Metal-Centered Phthalocyanine Structures

H. Aldahhak, P. Powroźnik, P. Pander, W. Jakubik, F.B. Dias, W.G. Schmidt, U. Gerstmann, M. Krzywiecki, The Journal of Physical Chemistry C (2020)(124), pp. 6090-6102

DOI


Spin decontamination for magnetic dipolar coupling calculations: Application to high-spin molecules and solid-state spin qubits

T. Biktagirov, W.G. Schmidt, U. Gerstmann, Physical Review Research (2020)

DOI


Vibrational Raman spectroscopy on adsorbate-induced low-dimensional surface structures

E. Speiser, N. Esser, B. Halbig, J. Geurts, W.G. Schmidt, S. Sanna, Surface Science Reports (2020), 75(1)

DOI


Free and defect-bound (bi)polarons in LiNbO3: Atomic structure and spectroscopic signatures from ab initio calculations

F. Schmidt, A. Kozub, T. Biktagirov, C. Eigner, C. Silberhorn, A. Schindlmayr, W.G. Schmidt, U. Gerstmann, Physical Review Research (2020), 2

Polarons in dielectric crystals play a crucial role for applications in integrated electronics and optoelectronics. In this work, we use density-functional theory and Green's function methods to explore the microscopic structure and spectroscopic signatures of electron polarons in lithium niobate (LiNbO3). Total-energy calculations and the comparison of calculated electron paramagnetic resonance data with available measurements reveal the formation of bound polarons at Nb_Li antisite defects with a quasi-Jahn-Teller distorted, tilted configuration. The defect-formation energies further indicate that (bi)polarons may form not only at Nb_Li antisites but also at structures where the antisite Nb atom moves into a neighboring empty oxygen octahedron. Based on these structure models, and on the calculated charge-transition levels and potential-energy barriers, we propose two mechanisms for the optical and thermal splitting of bipolarons, which provide a natural explanation for the reported two-path recombination of bipolarons. Optical-response calculations based on the Bethe-Salpeter equation, in combination with available experimental data and new measurements of the optical absorption spectrum, further corroborate the geometries proposed here for free and defect-bound (bi)polarons.


Electron paramagnetic resonance study of ferroelectric phase transition and dynamic effects in a Mn2+ doped [NH4][Zn(HCOO)3] hybrid formate framework

M. Navickas, L. Giriūnas, V. Kalendra, T. Biktagirov, U. Gerstmann, W.G. Schmidt, M. Mączka, A. Pöppl, J. Banys, M. Šimėnas, Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics (2020), 22, pp. 8513-8521

<p>EPR spectroscopy reveals the universality class and dynamic effects of the [NH<sub>4</sub>][Zn(HCOO)<sub>3</sub>] hybrid formate framework.</p>


Vibration-Driven Self-Doping of Dangling-Bond Wires on Si(553)-Au Surfaces

C. Braun, S. Neufeld, U. Gerstmann, S. Sanna, J. Plaickner, E. Speiser, N. Esser, W.G. Schmidt, Physical Review Letters (2020), 124(14)

DOI


Photocatalytic properties of graphene‐supported titania clusters from density‐functional theory

S.V. Badalov, R. Wilhelm, W.G. Schmidt, Journal of Computational Chemistry (2020), pp. 1921-1930

DOI


Spin decontamination for magnetic dipolar coupling calculations: Application to high-spin molecules and solid-state spin qubits

T. Biktagirov, W.G. Schmidt, U. Gerstmann, Physical Review Research (2020), 2(2)

DOI


Photochemical Ring Opening of Oxirane Modeled by Constrained Density Functional Theory

M. Krenz, U. Gerstmann, W.G. Schmidt, ACS Omega (2020), pp. 24057-24063

DOI


2019

Oxygen and potassium vacancies in KTP calculated from first principles

A. Bocchini, S. Neufeld, U. Gerstmann, W.G. Schmidt, Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter (2019)

DOI


Quasiparticle and excitonic effects in the optical response of KNbO3

F. Schmidt, A. Riefer, W.G. Schmidt, A. Schindlmayr, M. Imlau, F. Dobener, N. Mengel, S. Chatterjee, S. Sanna, Physical Review Materials (2019), 3(5)

DOI
WoS

The cubic, tetragonal, and orthorhombic phase of potassium niobate (KNbO3) are studied based on density-functional theory. Starting from the relaxed atomic geometries, we analyze the influence of self-energy corrections on the electronic band structure within the GW approximation. We find that quasiparticle shifts widen the direct (indirect) band gap by 1.21 (1.44), 1.58 (1.55), and 1.67 (1.64) eV for the cubic, tetragonal, and orthorhombic phase, respectively. By solving the Bethe-Salpeter equation, we obtain the linear dielectric function with excitonic and local-field effects, which turn out to be essential for good agreement with experimental data. From our results, we extract an exciton binding energy of 0.6, 0.5, and 0.5 eV for the cubic, tetragonal, and orthorhombic phase, respectively. Furthermore, we investigate the nonlinear second-harmonic generation (SHG) both theoretically and experimentally. The frequency-dependent second-order polarization tensor of orthorhombic KNbO3 is measured for incoming photon energies between 1.2 and 1.6 eV. In addition, calculations within the independent-(quasi)particle approximation are performed for the tetragonal and orthorhombic phase. The novel experimental data are in excellent agreement with the quasiparticle calculations and resolve persistent discrepancies between earlier experimental measurements and ab initio results reported in the literature.


Water Splitting Reaction at Polar Lithium Niobate Surfaces

C. Dues, W.G. Schmidt, S. Sanna, ACS Omega (2019), pp. 3850-3859

DOI


Excited-state band mapping and momentum-resolved ultrafast population dynamics in In/Si(111) nanowires investigated with XUV-based time- and angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy

C.W. Nicholson, M. Puppin, A. Lücke, U. Gerstmann, M. Krenz, W.G. Schmidt, L. Rettig, R. Ernstorfer, M. Wolf, Physical Review B (2019), 99(15)

DOI


Potassium titanyl phosphate (KTP) quasiparticle energies and optical response

S. Neufeld, A. Bocchini, U. Gerstmann, A. Schindlmayr, W.G. Schmidt, Journal of Physics: Materials (2019), 2(4)

The KTiOPO4 (KTP) band structure and dielectric function are calculated on various levels of theory starting from density-functional calculations. Within the independent-particle approximation an electronic transport gap of 2.97 eV is obtained that widens to about 5.23 eV when quasiparticle effects are included using the GW approximation. The optical response is shown to be strongly anisotropic due to (i) the slight asymmetry of the TiO6 octahedra in the (001) plane and (ii) their anisotropic distribution along the [001] and [100] directions. In addition, excitonic effects are very important: The solution of the Bethe–Salpeter equation indicates exciton binding energies of the order of 1.5 eV. Calculations that include both quasiparticle and excitonic effects are in good agreement with the measured reflectivity.


2018

Identifying On-Surface Site-Selective Chemical Conversions by Theory-Aided NEXAFS Spectroscopy: The Case of Free-Base Corroles on Ag(111)

H. Aldahhak, M. Paszkiewicz, E. Rauls, F. Allegretti, S. Tebi, A.C. Papageorgiou, Y. Zhang, L. Zhang, T. Lin, T. Paintner, R. Koch, W.G. Schmidt, J.V. Barth, W. Schöfberger, S. Müllegger, F. Klappenberger, U. Gerstmann, Chemistry - A European Journal (2018), pp. 6787-6797

DOI


Impact of finite-temperature and condensed-phase effects on theoretical X-ray absorption spectra of transition metal complexes

P. Müller, K. Karhan, M. Krack, U. Gerstmann, W.G. Schmidt, M. Bauer, T.D. Kühne, Journal of Computational Chemistry (2018), pp. 712-716

DOI


Electric Field Induced Raman Scattering at the Sb–InP(110) Interface: The Surface Dipole Contribution

N. Esser, W.G. Schmidt, physica status solidi (b) (2018)(256)

DOI


Plasmon spectroscopy: Robust metallicity of Au wires on Si(557) upon oxidation

Z. Mamiyev, T. Lichtenstein, C. Tegenkamp, C. Braun, W.G. Schmidt, S. Sanna, H. Pfnür, Physical Review Materials (2018), 2(6)

DOI


Temperature stabilizes rough Au/Ge(001) surface reconstructions

K. Seino, S. Sanna, W.G. Schmidt, Surface Science (2018), 667, pp. 101-104

DOI


Unraveling the Oxidation and Spin State of Mn–Corrole through X-ray Spectroscopy and Quantum Chemical Analysis

M. Paszkiewicz, T. Biktagirov, H. Aldahhak, F. Allegretti, E. Rauls, W. Schöfberger, W.G. Schmidt, J.V. Barth, U. Gerstmann, F. Klappenberger, The Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters (2018), pp. 6412-6420

DOI


Structural dynamics upon photoexcitation-induced charge transfer in a dicopper(i)–disulfide complex

M. Naumova, D. Khakhulin, M. Rebarz, M. Rohrmüller, B. Dicke, M. Biednov, A. Britz, S. Espinoza, B. Grimm-Lebsanft, M. Kloz, N. Kretzschmar, A. Neuba, J. Ortmeyer, R. Schoch, J. Andreasson, M. Bauer, C. Bressler, W.G. Schmidt, G. Henkel, M. Rübhausen, Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics (2018), pp. 6274-6286

<p>A study of structural evolution upon photoinduced charge transfer in a dicopper complex with biologically relevant sulfur coordination.</p>


Electric Field Induced Raman Scattering at the Sb-InP(110) Interface: The Surface Dipole Contribution

N. Esser, W.G. Schmidt, physica status solidi (b) (2018)

DOI


Imaging of 180∘ ferroelectric domain walls in uniaxial ferroelectrics by confocal Raman spectroscopy: Unraveling the contrast mechanism

M. Rüsing, S. Neufeld, J. Brockmeier, C. Eigner, P. Mackwitz, K. Spychala, C. Silberhorn, W.G. Schmidt, G. Berth, A. Zrenner, S. Sanna, Physical Review Materials (2018)

DOI


Polytypism driven zero-field splitting of silicon vacancies in 6H-SiC

T. Biktagirov, W.G. Schmidt, U. Gerstmann, B. Yavkin, S. Orlinskii, P. Baranov, V. Dyakonov, V. Soltamov, Physical Review B (2018), 98(19)

DOI


Erratum: Optical properties of titanium-doped lithium niobate from time-dependent density-functional theory [Phys. Rev. Materials 1, 034401 (2017)]

M. Friedrich, W.G. Schmidt, A. Schindlmayr, S. Sanna, Physical Review Materials (2018), 2(1)


Beyond the molecular movie: Dynamics of bands and bonds during a photoinduced phase transition

C.W. Nicholson, A. Lücke, W.G. Schmidt, M. Puppin, L. Rettig, R. Ernstorfer, M. Wolf, Science (2018), pp. 821-825

<jats:p>Ultrafast nonequilibrium dynamics offer a route to study the microscopic interactions that govern macroscopic behavior. In particular, photoinduced phase transitions (PIPTs) in solids provide a test case for how forces, and the resulting atomic motion along a reaction coordinate, originate from a nonequilibrium population of excited electronic states. Using femtosecond photoemission, we obtain access to the transient electronic structure during an ultrafast PIPT in a model system: indium nanowires on a silicon(111) surface. We uncover a detailed reaction pathway, allowing a direct comparison with the dynamics predicted by ab initio simulations. This further reveals the crucial role played by localized photoholes in shaping the potential energy landscape and enables a combined momentum- and real-space description of PIPTs, including the ultrafast formation of chemical bonds.</jats:p>


Signatures of transient Wannier-Stark localization in bulk gallium arsenide

C. Schmidt, J. Bühler, A. Heinrich, J. Allerbeck, R. Podzimski, D. Berghoff, T. Meier, W.G. Schmidt, C. Reichl, W. Wegscheider, D. Brida, A. Leitenstorfer, Nature Communications (2018), 9, pp. 2890

DOI


Spin pairing versus spin chains at Si(553)-Au surfaces

C. Braun, U. Gerstmann, W.G. Schmidt, Physical Review B (2018), 98(12)

DOI


Calculation of spin-spin zero-field splitting within periodic boundary conditions: Towards all-electron accuracy

T. Biktagirov, W.G. Schmidt, U. Gerstmann, Physical Review B (2018), 97(11)

DOI


Vibrational properties of the Au-(3×3)/Si(111) surface reconstruction

B. Halbig, M. Liebhaber, U. Bass, J. Geurts, E. Speiser, J. Räthel, S. Chandola, N. Esser, M. Krenz, S. Neufeld, W.G. Schmidt, S. Sanna, Physical Review B (2018), 97(3)

DOI


Probing quasi-one-dimensional band structures by plasmon spectroscopy

T. Lichtenstein, Z. Mamiyev, C. Braun, S. Sanna, W.G. Schmidt, C. Tegenkamp, H. Pfnür, Physical Review B (2018), 97(16)

DOI


2017

New pyridinium based ionic dyes for the hydrogen evolution reaction

D.D. Konieczna, H. Biller, M. Witte, W.G. Schmidt, A. Neuba, R. Wilhelm, Tetrahedron (2017), pp. 142-149

DOI


Efficient PAW-based bond strength analysis for understanding the In/Si(111)(8 × 2) - (4 × 1) phase transition

A. Lücke, U. Gerstmann, T.D. Kühne, W.G. Schmidt, Journal of Computational Chemistry (2017), pp. 2276-2282

DOI


X-ray Spectroscopy of Thin Film Free-Base Corroles: A Combined Theoretical and Experimental Characterization

H. Aldahhak, M. Paszkiewicz, F. Allegretti, D.A. Duncan, S. Tebi, P.S. Deimel, P. Casado Aguilar, Y. Zhang, A.C. Papageorgiou, R. Koch, J.V. Barth, W.G. Schmidt, S. Müllegger, W. Schöfberger, F. Klappenberger, E. Rauls, U. Gerstmann, The Journal of Physical Chemistry C (2017), 121, pp. 2192-2200

DOI


Optical properties of titanium-doped lithium niobate from time-dependent density-functional theory

M. Friedrich, W.G. Schmidt, A. Schindlmayr, S. Sanna, Physical Review Materials (2017), 1(3)

DOI
WoS

The optical properties of pristine and titanium-doped LiNbO3 are modeled from first principles. The dielectric functions are calculated within time-dependent density-functional theory, and a model long-range contribution is employed for the exchange-correlation kernel in order to account for the electron-hole binding. Our study focuses on the influence of substitutional titanium atoms on lithium sites. We show that an increasing titanium concentration enhances the values of the refractive indices and the reflectivity.


Zn–VI quasiparticle gaps and optical spectra from many-body calculations

A. Riefer, N. Weber, J. Mund, D.R. Yakovlev, M. Bayer, A. Schindlmayr, C. Meier, W.G. Schmidt, Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter (2017), 29(21)

DOI
WoS

The electronic band structures of hexagonal ZnO and cubic ZnS, ZnSe, and ZnTe compounds are determined within hybrid-density-functional theory and quasiparticle calculations. It is found that the band-edge energies calculated on the G0W0 (Zn chalcogenides) or GW (ZnO) level of theory agree well with experiment, while fully self-consistent QSGW calculations are required for the correct description of the Zn 3d bands. The quasiparticle band structures are used to calculate the linear response and second-harmonic-generation (SHG) spectra of the Zn–VI compounds. Excitonic effects in the optical absorption are accounted for within the Bethe–Salpeter approach. The calculated spectra are discussed in the context of previous experimental data and present SHG measurements for ZnO.


LiNbO3 surfaces from a microscopic perspective

S. Sanna, W.G. Schmidt, Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter (2017)

DOI


Current density analysis of electron transport through molecular wires in open quantum systems

D. Nozaki, W.G. Schmidt, Journal of Computational Chemistry (2017), 38, pp. 1685-1692

DOI


Electron paramagnetic resonance calculations for hydrogenated Si surfaces

M. Rohrmüller, W.G. Schmidt, U. Gerstmann, Physical Review B (2017), 95(12)

DOI


Solving the Bethe-Salpeter equation for the second-harmonic generation in Zn chalcogenides

A. Riefer, W.G. Schmidt, Physical Review B (2017), 96(23)

DOI


Optically excited structural transition in atomic wires on surfaces at the quantum limit

T. Frigge, B. Hafke, T. Witte, B. Krenzer, C. Streubühr, A. Samad Syed, V. Mikšić Trontl, I. Avigo, P. Zhou, M. Ligges, D. von der Linde, U. Bovensiepen, M. Horn-von Hoegen, S. Wippermann, A. Lücke, S. Sanna, U. Gerstmann, W.G. Schmidt, Nature (2017), 544, pp. 207-211

DOI


Tuning the conductivity along atomic chains by selective chemisorption

F. Edler, I. Miccoli, J.P. Stöckmann, H. Pfnür, C. Braun, S. Neufeld, S. Sanna, W.G. Schmidt, C. Tegenkamp, Physical Review B (2017), 95(12)

DOI


Consistent atomic geometries and electronic structure of five phases of potassium niobate from density-functional theory

F. Schmidt, M. Landmann, E. Rauls, N. Argiolas, S. Sanna, W.G. Schmidt, A. Schindlmayr, Advances in Materials Science and Engineering (2017), 2017

DOI
WoS

We perform a comprehensive theoretical study of the structural and electronic properties of potassium niobate (KNbO3) in the cubic, tetragonal, orthorhombic, monoclinic, and rhombohedral phase, based on density-functional theory. The influence of different parametrizations of the exchange-correlation functional on the investigated properties is analyzed in detail, and the results are compared to available experimental data. We argue that the PBEsol and AM05 generalized gradient approximations as well as the RTPSS meta-generalized gradient approximation yield consistently accurate structural data for both the external and internal degrees of freedom and are overall superior to the local-density approximation or other conventional generalized gradient approximations for the structural characterization of KNbO3. Band-structure calculations using a HSE-type hybrid functional further indicate significant near degeneracies of band-edge states in all phases which are expected to be relevant for the optical response of the material.


Si(775)-Au atomic chains: Geometry, optical properties, and spin order

C. Braun, C. Hogan, S. Chandola, N. Esser, S. Sanna, W.G. Schmidt, Physical Review Materials (2017), 1(5)

DOI


[Cu6(NGuaS)6]2+ and its oxidized and reduced derivatives: Confining electrons on a torus

M. Witte, M. Rohrmüller, U. Gerstmann, G. Henkel, W.G. Schmidt, S. Herres-Pawlis, Journal of Computational Chemistry (2017), pp. 1752-1761

DOI


Molecular Orbital Rule for Quantum Interference in Weakly Coupled Dimers: Low-Energy Giant Conductivity Switching Induced by Orbital Level Crossing

D. Nozaki, A. Lücke, W.G. Schmidt, The Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters (2017), pp. 727-732

DOI


Understanding band alignments in semiconductor heterostructures: Composition dependence and type-I–type-II transition of natural band offsets in nonpolar zinc-blendeAlxGa1−xN/AlyGa1−yNcomposites

M. Landmann, E. Rauls, W.G. Schmidt, Physical Review B (2017)

DOI


On-Surface Site-Selective Cyclization of Corrole Radicals

S. Tebi, M. Paszkiewicz, H. Aldahhak, F. Allegretti, S. Gonglach, M. Haas, M. Waser, P.S. Deimel, P.C. Aguilar, Y. Zhang, A.C. Papageorgiou, D.A. Duncan, J.V. Barth, W.G. Schmidt, R. Koch, U. Gerstmann, E. Rauls, F. Klappenberger, W. Schöfberger, S. Müllegger, ACS Nano (2017), pp. 3383-3391

DOI


Polaron optical absorption in congruent lithium niobate from time-dependent density-functional theory

M. Friedrich, W.G. Schmidt, A. Schindlmayr, S. Sanna, Physical Review Materials (2017), 1(5)

DOI
WoS

The optical properties of congruent lithium niobate are analyzed from first principles. The dielectric function of the material is calculated within time-dependent density-functional theory. The effects of isolated intrinsic defects and defect pairs, including the NbLi4+ antisite and the NbLi4+−NbNb4+ pair, commonly addressed as a bound polaron and bipolaron, respectively, are discussed in detail. In addition, we present further possible realizations of polaronic and bipolaronic systems. The absorption feature around 1.64 eV, ascribed to small bound polarons [O. F. Schirmer et al., J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 21, 123201 (2009)], is nicely reproduced within these models. Among the investigated defects, we find that the presence of bipolarons at bound interstitial-vacancy pairs NbV−VLi can best explain the experimentally observed broad absorption band at 2.5 eV. Our results provide a microscopic model for the observed optical spectra and suggest that, besides NbLi antisites and Nb and Li vacancies, Nb interstitials are also formed in congruent lithium-niobate samples.


2016

Vibrational properties ofLiNb1−xTaxO3mixed crystals

M. Rüsing, S. Sanna, S. Neufeld, G. Berth, W.G. Schmidt, A. Zrenner, H. Yu, Y. Wang, H. Zhang, Physical Review B (2016)

DOI


Temperature-Dependent Hole Mobility and Its Limit in Crystal-Phase P3HT Calculated from First Principles

A. Lücke, F. Ortmann, M. Panhans, S. Sanna, E. Rauls, U. Gerstmann, W.G. Schmidt, The Journal of Physical Chemistry B (2016), 120, pp. 5572-5580

DOI


Grand canonical Peierls transition in In/Si(111)

E. Jeckelmann, S. Sanna, W.G. Schmidt, E. Speiser, N. Esser, Physical Review B (2016), 93(24)

DOI


Impurity-Mediated Early Condensation of a Charge Density Wave in an Atomic Wire Array

H.W. Yeom, D.M. Oh, S. Wippermann, W.G. Schmidt, ACS Nano (2016), 10, pp. 810-814

DOI


Strain-induced quasi-one-dimensional rare-earth silicide structures on Si(111)

F. Timmer, R. Oelke, C. Dues, S. Sanna, W.G. Schmidt, M. Franz, S. Appelfeller, M. Dähne, J. Wollschläger, Physical Review B (2016), 94(20)

DOI


Experimental and Theoretical High-Energy-Resolution X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy: Implications for the Investigation of the Entatic State

N.J. Vollmers, P. Müller, A. Hoffmann, S. Herres-Pawlis, M. Rohrmüller, W.G. Schmidt, U. Gerstmann, M. Bauer, Inorganic Chemistry (2016), 55, pp. 11694-11706

DOI


Atomic size effects studied by transport in single silicide nanowires

I. Miccoli, F. Edler, H. Pfnür, S. Appelfeller, M. Dähne, K. Holtgrewe, S. Sanna, W.G. Schmidt, C. Tegenkamp, Physical Review B (2016)

DOI


Vibration eigenmodes of the Au-(5×2)/Si(111) surface studied by Raman spectroscopy and first-principles calculations

M. Liebhaber, B. Halbig, U. Bass, J. Geurts, S. Neufeld, S. Sanna, W.G. Schmidt, E. Speiser, J. Räthel, S. Chandola, N. Esser, Physical Review B (2016), 94(23)

DOI


Optical response of the Cu2S2diamond core in Cu2II(NGuaS)2Cl2

M. Witte, B. Grimm-Lebsanft, A. Goos, S. Binder, M. Rübhausen, M. Bernard, A. Neuba, S. Gorelsky, U. Gerstmann, G. Henkel, W.G. Schmidt, S. Herres-Pawlis, Journal of Computational Chemistry (2016), 37(23-24), pp. 2181-2192

DOI


A Bifunctional Electrocatalyst for Oxygen Evolution and Oxygen Reduction Reactions in Water

W. Schöfberger, F. Faschinger, S. Chattopadhyay, S. Bhakta, B. Mondal, J.A.A.W. Elemans, S. Müllegger, S. Tebi, R. Koch, F. Klappenberger, M. Paszkiewicz, J.V. Barth, E. Rauls, H. Aldahhak, W.G. Schmidt, A. Dey, Angewandte Chemie International Edition (2016), pp. 2350-2355

DOI


LiNbO3 electronic structure: Many-body interactions, spin-orbit coupling, and thermal effects

A. Riefer, M. Friedrich, S. Sanna, U. Gerstmann, A. Schindlmayr, W.G. Schmidt, Physical Review B (2016), 93(7)

DOI
WoS

The influence of electronic many-body interactions, spin-orbit coupling, and thermal lattice vibrations on the electronic structure of lithium niobate is calculated from first principles. Self-energy calculations in the GW approximation show that the inclusion of self-consistency in the Green function G and the screened Coulomb potential W opens the band gap far stronger than found in previous G0W0 calculations but slightly overestimates its actual value due to the neglect of excitonic effects in W. A realistic frozen-lattice band gap of about 5.9 eV is obtained by combining hybrid density functional theory with the QSGW0 scheme. The renormalization of the band gap due to electron-phonon coupling, derived here using molecular dynamics as well as density functional perturbation theory, reduces this value by about 0.5 eV at room temperature. Spin-orbit coupling does not noticeably modify the fundamental gap but gives rise to a Rashba-like spin texture in the conduction band.


Surface vibrational Raman modes of In:Si(111)(4×1)and(8×2)nanowires

E. Speiser, N. Esser, S. Wippermann, W.G. Schmidt, Physical Review B (2016), 94(7)

DOI


Inhomogeneous and Homogeneous Line Broadening of Optical Spectra of PTCDA Molecules Adsorbed at Step Edges of Alkali Halide Surfaces

A. Paulheim, C. Marquardt, H. Aldahhak, E. Rauls, W.G. Schmidt, M. Sokolowski, The Journal of Physical Chemistry C (2016), 10, pp. 11926-11937

DOI


Rare-earth silicide thin films on the Si(111) surface

S. Sanna, C. Dues, W.G. Schmidt, F. Timmer, J. Wollschläger, M. Franz, S. Appelfeller, M. Dähne, Physical Review B (2016), 93(19)

DOI


Manipulation resolves non-trivial structure of corrole monolayer on Ag(111)

S. Tebi, H. Aldahhak, G. Serrano, W. Schöfberger, E. Rauls, W.G. Schmidt, R. Koch, S. Müllegger, Nanotechnology (2016), 27

DOI


Surface induced vibrational modes in the fluorescence spectra of PTCDA adsorbed on the KCl(100) and NaCl(100) surfaces

A. Paulheim, C. Marquardt, M. Sokolowski, M. Hochheim, T. Bredow, H. Aldahhak, E. Rauls, W.G. Schmidt, Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics (2016), 18, pp. 32891-32902

<p>We report a combined experiment-theory study on low energy vibrational modes in fluorescence spectra of perylene-3,4,9,10-tetracarboxylic acid dianhydride (PTCDA) molecules.</p>


LiTaO3 phonon dispersion and ferroelectric transition calculated from first principles

M. Friedrich, A. Schindlmayr, W.G. Schmidt, S. Sanna, Physica Status Solidi B (2016), 253(4), pp. 683-689

DOI
WoS

The phonon dispersions of the ferro‐ and paraelectric phase of LiTaO3 are calculated within density‐functional perturbation theory. The longitudinal optical phonon modes are theoretically derived and compared with available experimental data. Our results confirm the recent phonon assignment proposed by Margueron et al. [J. Appl. Phys. 111, 104105 (2012)] on the basis of spectroscopical studies. A comparison with the phonon band structure of the related material LiNbO3 shows minor differences that can be traced to the atomic‐mass difference between Ta and Nb. The presence of phonons with imaginary frequencies for the paraelectric phase suggests that it does not correspond to a minimum energy structure, and is compatible with an order‐disorder type phase transition.


2015

Modeling atomic force microscopy at LiNbO 3 surfaces from first-principles

S. Sanna, C. Dues, W.G. Schmidt, Computational Materials Science (2015), pp. 145-150

DOI


Mechanism for nuclear and electron spin excitation by radio frequency current

S. Müllegger, E. Rauls, U. Gerstmann, S. Tebi, G. Serrano, S. Wiespointner-Baumgarthuber, W.G. Schmidt, R. Koch, Physical Review B (2015), 92(22)

DOI


The Cu2O2torture track for a real-life system: [Cu2(btmgp)2O2]2+oxo and peroxo species in density functional calculations†

M. Rohrmüller, A. Hoffmann, C. Thierfelder, S. Herres-Pawlis, W.G. Schmidt, Journal of Computational Chemistry (2015), 36(21-22), pp. 1672-1685

DOI


Polaronic deformation at theFe2+/3+impurity site inFe:LiNbO3crystals

A. Sanson, A. Zaltron, N. Argiolas, C. Sada, M. Bazzan, W.G. Schmidt, S. Sanna, Physical Review B (2015), 91

DOI


GaNm-plane: Atomic structure, surface bands, and optical response

M. Landmann, E. Rauls, W.G. Schmidt, M. Neumann, E. Speiser, N. Esser, Physical Review B (2015)

DOI


Single PTCDA molecules on planar and stepped KCl and NaCl(100) surfaces

H. Aldahhak, W.G. Schmidt, E. Rauls, Surface Science (2015), pp. 278-281

DOI


Nanopatterning on H-Terminated Si(111) Explained as Dynamic Equilibrium of the Chemical Reaction with Methanol

P. Thissen, E. Fuchs, K. Roodenko, T. Peixoto, B. Batchelor, D. Smith, W.G. Schmidt, Y. Chabal, The Journal of Physical Chemistry C (2015), 119, pp. 16947-16953

DOI


Barrier-free subsurface incorporation of 3d metal atoms into Bi(111) films

C. Klein, N.J. Vollmers, U. Gerstmann, P. Zahl, D. Lükermann, G. Jnawali, H. Pfnür, C. Tegenkamp, P. Sutter, W.G. Schmidt, M. Horn-von Hoegen, Physical Review B (2015), 91(19)

DOI


GaNm-plane: Atomic structure, surface bands, and optical response

M. Landmann, E. Rauls, W.G. Schmidt, M. Neumann, E. Speiser, N. Esser, Physical Review B (2015), 91

DOI


Diindenoperylene adsorption on Cu(111) studied with density-functional theory

H. Aldahhak, E. Rauls, W.G. Schmidt, Surface Science (2015), pp. 260-265

DOI


A panel of peralkylated sulfur–guanidine type bases: Novel pro-ligands for use in biomimetic coordination chemistry

A. Neuba, M. Rohrmüller, R. Hölscher, W.G. Schmidt, G. Henkel, Inorganica Chimica Acta (2015), 430, pp. 225-238

DOI


Phonon dispersion and zero-point renormalization of LiNbO3 from density-functional perturbation theory

M. Friedrich, A. Riefer, S. Sanna, W.G. Schmidt, A. Schindlmayr, Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter (2015), 27(38)

DOI
WoS

The vibrational properties of stoichiometric LiNbO3 are analyzed within density-functional perturbation theory in order to obtain the complete phonon dispersion of the material. The phonon density of states of the ferroelectric (paraelectric) phase shows two (one) distinct band gaps separating the high-frequency (~800 cm−1) optical branches from the continuum of acoustic and lower optical phonon states. This result leads to specific heat capacites in close agreement with experimental measurements in the range 0–350 K and a Debye temperature of 574 K. The calculated zero-point renormalization of the electronic Kohn–Sham eigenvalues reveals a strong dependence on the phonon wave vectors, especially near Γ. Integrated over all phonon modes, our results indicate a vibrational correction of the electronic band gap of 0.41 eV at 0 K, which is in excellent agreement with the extrapolated temperature-dependent measurements.


Liquid Crystal (8CB) Molecular Adsorption on Lithium Niobate Z-Cut Surfaces

C. Braun, S. Sanna, W.G. Schmidt, The Journal of Physical Chemistry C (2015), pp. 9342-9346

DOI


Defect complexes in congruentLiNbO3and their optical signatures

Y. Li, W.G. Schmidt, S. Sanna, Physical Review B (2015)

DOI


Interwire coupling forIn(4×1)/Si(111) probed by surface transport

F. Edler, I. Miccoli, S. Demuth, H. Pfnür, S. Wippermann, A. Lücke, W.G. Schmidt, C. Tegenkamp, Physical Review B (2015), 92(8)

DOI


Raman scattering efficiency inLiTaO3andLiNbO3crystals

S. Sanna, S. Neufeld, M. Rüsing, G. Berth, A. Zrenner, W.G. Schmidt, Physical Review B (2015)

DOI


Water adsorbate influence on the Cu(110) surface optical response

A. Baghbanpourasl, W.G. Schmidt, M. Denk, C. Cobet, M. Hohage, P. Zeppenfeld, K. Hingerl, Surface Science (2015), 641, pp. 231-236

DOI


Influence of Structural Defects and Oxidation onto Hole Conductivity in P3HT

A. Lücke, W.G. Schmidt, E. Rauls, F. Ortmann, U. Gerstmann, The Journal of Physical Chemistry B (2015), 119, pp. 6481-6491

DOI


Structure formation in diindenoperylene thin films on copper(111)

H. Aldahhak, S. Matencio, E. Barrena, C. Ocal, W.G. Schmidt, E. Rauls, Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics (2015), 17, pp. 8776-8783

<p>First-principles calculations were combined with scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) measurements to analyze the adsorption of diindenoperylene (DIP) molecules on Cu(111) surfaces.</p>


2014

Rashba splitting and relativistic energy shifts in In/Si(111) nanowires

U. Gerstmann, N.J. Vollmers, A. Lücke, M. Babilon, W.G. Schmidt, Physical Review B (2014), 89(16)

DOI


IntrinsicLiNbO3point defects from hybrid density functional calculations

Y. Li, W.G. Schmidt, S. Sanna, Physical Review B (2014), 89(9)

DOI


Modeling intrinsic defects in LiNbO3 within the Slater-Janak transition state model

Y. Li, S. Sanna, W.G. Schmidt, The Journal of Chemical Physics (2014)

DOI


Adsorption of PTCDA on Terraces and at Steps Sites of the KCl(100) Surface

Q. Guo, A. Paulheim, M. Sokolowski, H. Aldahhak, E. Rauls, W.G. Schmidt, The Journal of Physical Chemistry C (2014), 118, pp. 29911-29918

DOI


Geometrical and optical benchmarking of copper(II) guanidine-quinoline complexes: Insights from TD-DFT and many-body perturbation theory (part II)

A. Hoffmann, M. Rohrmüller, A. Jesser, I. dos Santos Vieira, W.G. Schmidt, S. Herres-Pawlis, Journal of Computational Chemistry (2014), 35(29-30), pp. 2146-2161

DOI


Temperature dependent LiNbO3(0001): Surface reconstruction and surface charge

S. Sanna, R. Hölscher, W.G. Schmidt, Applied Surface Science (2014), pp. 70-78

DOI


Modeling LiNbO3 Surfaces at Ambient Conditions

R. Hölscher, W.G. Schmidt, S. Sanna, The Journal of Physical Chemistry C (2014), pp. 10213-10220

DOI


Oxygen adsorbates on the Si(111)4×1-In metallic atomic wire: Scanning tunneling microscopy and density-functional theory calculations

D.M. Oh, S. Wippermann, W.G. Schmidt, H.W. Yeom, Physical Review B (2014), 90(15)

DOI


The atomic structure of ternary amorphous TixSi1−xO2hybrid oxides

M. Landmann, T. Köhler, E. Rauls, T. Frauenheim, W.G. Schmidt, Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter (2014), 26

DOI


Unraveling theLiNbO3X-cut surface by atomic force microscopy and density functional theory

S. Sanna, W.G. Schmidt, S. Rode, S. Klassen, A. Kühnle, Physical Review B (2014), 89(7)

DOI


Formation of Hydroxyl Groups at Calcium-Silicate-Hydrate (C-S-H): Coexistence of Ca–OH and Si–OH on Wollastonite(001)

S. Sanna, W.G. Schmidt, P. Thissen, The Journal of Physical Chemistry C (2014), 118, pp. 8007-8013

DOI


2013

Friggeet al.Reply:

T. Frigge, S. Wall, B. Krenzer, S. Wippermann, S. Sanna, F. Klasing, A. Hanisch-Blicharski, M. Kammler, W.G. Schmidt, M. Horn-von Hoegen, Physical Review Letters (2013), 111, pp. 149602

DOI


Vibrational Fingerprints of LiNbO3-LiTaO3Mixed Crystals

S. Sanna, A. Riefer, S. Neufeld, W.G. Schmidt, G. Berth, M. Rüsing, A. Widhalm, A. Zrenner, Ferroelectrics (2013), 447, pp. 63-68

DOI


Optical response of stoichiometric and congruent lithium niobate from first-principles calculations

A. Riefer, S. Sanna, A. Schindlmayr, W.G. Schmidt, Physical Review B (2013), 87(19)

DOI
WoS

The frequency-dependent dielectric function and the second-order polarizability tensor of ferroelectric LiNbO3 are calculated from first principles. The calculations are based on the electronic structure obtained from density-functional theory. The subsequent application of the GW approximation to account for quasiparticle effects and the solution of the Bethe-Salpeter equation for the stoichiometric material yield a dielectric function that slightly overestimates the absorption onset and the oscillator strength in comparison with experimental measurements. Calculations at the level of the independent-particle approximation indicate that these deficiencies are, at least, partially related to the neglect of intrinsic defects typical for the congruent material. The second-order polarizability calculated within the independent-particle approximation predicts strong nonlinear coefficients for photon energies above 1.5 eV. The comparison with measured data suggests that the inclusion of self-energy effects in the nonlinear optical response leads to a better agreement with experiments. The intrinsic defects of congruent samples reduce the optical nonlinearities, in particular, for the 21 and 31 tensor components, further improving the agreement between experiments and theory.


Max number of publications reached - all publications can be found in our Research Infomation System.

Open list in Research Information System

The University for the Information Society